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LDL implies, “Low density lipoproteins”. They deposit fat molecules in the blood vessel walls (Plaques), disrupting the blood flow leading to a condition called “Atherosclerosis” (Hardening of artery walls). These plaques can break out from the walls and block the blood flow causing heart attacks or strokes. A diet high in saturated fats and trans fats raises LDL levels like fried food, meat and dairy products, oils.
Total cholesterol is a measure of LDL + HDL + Triglycerides
Cholesterol is measured in a fasting state (10 to 12 hours of fasting) as triglyceride component varies.
Screening is performed as a part of yearly physical. The frequency of testing is determined based on the results and risk factors.
Treatment is based on patient’s medical comorbidities, cholesterol levels, family history and lifestyle
Some foods that raise HDL - Good Cholesterol, must be consumed more often, along with regular Physical Activity
HDL implies, “High density lipoproteins”. They collect fat molecules from the cells and tissues and take them back to the liver for processing. Essentially they sweep the blood vessel walls and ensure good blood flow. It is always advisable to keep your HDL levels higher. Sedentary lifestyles, obesity, smoking, poor diet are a few things that result in low HDL cholesterol. HDL can be increased by exercise (aerobic activity) and consuming foods rich in mono saturated fats, poly unsaturated fats and omega 3 fatty acids like nuts, whole grains, certain wild fish, beans, legumes and greens, vegetables and fruits.
High Cholesterol (Hyperlipidemia) – An Overview
By. Dr. Vishalakshmi Batchu, M.D., Board Certified Internal Medicine
Associates of Houston
Some examples of foods that raise LDL, TRIGLYCERIDES - Bad Cholesterol, must be avoided
Triglycerides are glycerol like substances in the blood. They are one of the initial products of cholesterol metabolism and the main constituents of LDL molecule. A combination of high LDL cholesterol and high triglycerides further increase the chances of heart attacks. Excessive consumption of simple and refined carbohydrates like processed sugars, white rice, white bread raises triglyceride levels.
Cholesterol is needed to carry normal physiological functions of the body
- Hormone production
- Cell membrane formation
- Bile acid formation
Liver produces optimal amounts of cholesterol needed for body metabolism.
The human body utilizes the food we consume to carry various physiologic functions based on individual metabolic needs. Anything in excess is not utilized by the human body and is stored in various forms.
Cholesterol is classified as
HDL (Good cholesterol)
LDL, TRIGLYCERIDES (Bad Cholesterol)